What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is an infection that affects the teeth, gums, and bones. Teeth are covered with plaque, a film that contains bacteria. The plaque, if not removed by brushing and flossing, can enter the gums and cause infection. This infection can spread and lead to painful gum recession, bleeding, and ultimately tooth loss.
Left untreated, periodontal disease threatens not only the patient’s oral health, but also the health of the overall body. Gum disease has been linked to serious health conditions such as heart attack, stroke, and diabetes.
Diagnosing periodontal disease
Periodontal disease is diagnosed by our dentist or hygienist through a series of tests. First, we will check the depth of the gum pockets between your teeth and gums. Next, we will check for inflammation, bleeding, loose teeth, and bone loss.
Based on our findings, we will determine the stage of your periodontal disease and recommend your treatment.